Quality of life in asthmatic patients
Author(s): Mina Motaghi-Nejad, Ghodratollah Shakerinejad*, Maria Cheraghi, Heshmatollah Tavakkol, Azadeh Saki
Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease which is a major health problem in many parts of the world. Chronic diseases are among the factors affecting the quality of life. Asthma is affected by a wide variety of factors which enhance or suppress the disease and ultimately influence the patient's quality of life. The objective of this paper is to determine the quality of life in asthmatic patients. This paper is a descriptive-analytical study. The subjects were 120 asthmatic patients referring to Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ahvaz and were selected by means of available sampling. The instrument used for gathering data was the questionnaire of the quality of life in asthmatic patients which has two sections; the first part is related to personal information and the second part is about the quality of life. In order to determine the validity of the questionnaire, content validity, and for reliability, Cronbach's alpha was used. After that the data were analyzed. Most of the subjects were male, married, retired, under insurance coverage and had university education. The results indicated that the majority of the subjects have had a good quality of life. There is a significant relationship between the quality of life and level of education (p=0.025), duration (p=0.008), living conditions (p=0.013), age (p=0.011) of the studied subjects. The results of the study show that asthma has negative effect on the patients' quality of life. It is better that care and treatment programs are planned and implemented so as to improve these patients' quality of life and they should be considered as patients' top care objectives.
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