A Retrospective Study on the Major Causes of Meat Condemnations in Animals Slaughtered in Juba County South Sudan.
Author(s): Ochi E. B.*, Emmanuel A. Simplisio, Abubakr O. Ismail
A 5-year retrospective study was conducted in Juba County South Sudan to identify major causes of meat condemnations in slaughtered animals. A total of 14,062 indigenous and exotic cattle breeds, 4,443 sheep and 6,789 goats of both sexes and different age groups were recorded. Data were collected and analyzed using the IBM SPSS 21 compatible to Microsoft Window. Association of loss in the animals was analyzed using the Non-Parametric Chi-square test. Graphic presentations were made using Excel Window version 10. Parasitic infections showed significant difference (P<0.05) as major causes of meat condemnations compared to other causes. Bovine fasciolosis due to Fasciola gigantica in indigenous Nilotic zebu cattle showed a significant difference (P<0.05) for liver condemnation (79.02%) compared to exotic Ankole cattle breed. Lung condemnations were mainly due to contagious bovine pluropneumonia (69.85%). Hydatid cysts accounted for 64.52% of spleen condemnations. This study explores the major meat-borne diseases in Juba County which could be utilized for developing strategies for prospective control of such diseases in South Sudan. Further proficiency tests are needed for adequate meat inspection and hygiene in Juba County, South Sudan.
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